Journal of veterinary internal medicine2002; 16(4); 452-456; doi: 10.1892/0891-6640(2002)016<0452:mmih>2.3.co;2

Metastatic melanoma in horses.

Abstract: The clinical and pathologic findings are reviewed for 14 horses with metastatic melanoma. All were older gray horses, with an average age of 16 years. The most common sites of primary tumors were the ventral tail, perineum, and parotid salivary gland. Metastases were found in multiple locations and caused a variety of clinical syndromes. The most common sites for metastases were the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, skeletal muscle, lungs, and surrounding or within blood vessels throughout the body. Many of the horses had dermal melanomas for years (range 1-6 years) before succumbing to metastatic disease. Histologic characteristic of dermal masses was not predictive of malignancy in the majority of cases. Treatment consisting of surgical debulking and administration of cimetidine, an autogenous vaccine, or both was attempted in 4 horses with no effect on outcome.
Publication Date: 2002-07-27 PubMed ID: 12141308DOI: 10.1892/0891-6640(2002)016<0452:mmih>2.3.co;2Google Scholar: Lookup
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Summary

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This research evaluates the clinical and pathological findings of 14 horses suffering from metastatic melanoma, and discusses their symptoms, the sites of their primary tumors and metastases, as well as attempted treatments and outcomes. The study highlights the ineffectiveness of surgical debulking and cimetidine treatments and emphasizes the requirement for further research in this area.

Study Subjects

  • The subjects of this research were 14 older gray horses, with an average age of 16 years, which were diagnosed with metastatic melanoma.

Primary Tumor Locations

  • The primary tumors in these horses were most commonly found in the ventral tail, perineum, and parotid salivary gland.

Melanoma Metastases

  • Melanoma metastases caused a variety of clinical syndromes, as they were discovered in several locations in the horse’s body.
  • The most frequent sites for these metastases were the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, skeletal muscle, lungs, and within or surrounding blood vessels across the body.
  • It was observed that many of the horses had dermal melanomas for years, ranging from 1 to 6, before they fell to the metastatic disease.

Diagnosis and Treatment

  • It was noted that the histologic characteristics of dermal masses were mostly not predictive of malignancy in these cases. This suggests that histologic examination of dermal masses alone may not be sufficient to predict the likelihood of a malignant melanoma.
  • Treatment attempts were made on 4 horses using surgical debulking and administration of cimetidine, an autogenous vaccine, or both. However, these treatments did not have a positive effect on the outcome, indicating their ineffectiveness against metastatic melanoma in horses.

Conclusion

  • The study concludes that metastatic melanoma in horses is a serious disease found primarily in older gray horses. Furthermore, conventional treatments such as surgical debulking and cimetidine have proven to be ineffective.
  • The authors suggest that more research is necessary in this field to develop more effective diagnostic and treatment strategies for metastatic melanoma in horses.

Cite This Article

APA
MacGillivray KC, Sweeney RW, Del Piero F. (2002). Metastatic melanoma in horses. J Vet Intern Med, 16(4), 452-456. https://doi.org/10.1892/0891-6640(2002)016<0452:mmih>2.3.co;2

Publication

ISSN: 0891-6640
NlmUniqueID: 8708660
Country: United States
Language: English
Volume: 16
Issue: 4
Pages: 452-456

Researcher Affiliations

MacGillivray, Katherine Cole
  • Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square 19348, USA. peteandkc@msn.com
Sweeney, Raymond W
    Del Piero, Fabio

      MeSH Terms

      • Adjuvants, Immunologic / therapeutic use
      • Animals
      • Cancer Vaccines / therapeutic use
      • Cimetidine / therapeutic use
      • Combined Modality Therapy / veterinary
      • Female
      • Horse Diseases / drug therapy
      • Horse Diseases / epidemiology
      • Horse Diseases / pathology
      • Horse Diseases / surgery
      • Horses
      • Male
      • Melanoma / epidemiology
      • Melanoma / secondary
      • Melanoma / veterinary
      • Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology
      • Pennsylvania / epidemiology
      • Prevalence
      • Records / veterinary
      • Retrospective Studies
      • Skin Diseases / epidemiology
      • Skin Diseases / pathology
      • Skin Diseases / veterinary

      Citations

      This article has been cited 19 times.