How to Feed a Horse with PPID (Cushing’s Disease) [10-Step Guide]

By |2023-06-07T12:21:02-04:00June 7th, 2023|Conditions, Nutrition|

Feeding horses with pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID), previously referred to as Equine Cushing’s disease, can be a challenge. Horses affected by PPID are typically older and may have other health issues including equine metabolic syndrome (EMS). This condition can involve insulin dysregulation (ID), recurring laminitis, and abnormal fat deposits.

Narcolepsy in Horses – Sleep Disorder Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

By |2023-06-06T13:39:13-04:00June 6th, 2023|Conditions|

Equine Narcolepsy Causes of Narcolepsy Signs Treatment Other Sleep Disorders Normal Equine Sleep Narcolepsy is a neurological and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep disorder. It involves the sudden onset of [...]

Enteroliths in Horses: Causes, Symptoms & Prevention

By |2023-05-25T14:42:13-04:00May 25th, 2023|Conditions, Gut Health|

Enteroliths are calcifications or mineral masses that can form in the horse's intestines, sometimes resulting in impaction colic. These intestinal stones form when the horse consumes an indigestible object, which is not passed by the digestive system. Mineral deposits then accumulate around the foreign object. While some enteroliths are naturally passed in the manure with time, others grow larger and can obstruct the transit of feed through the gut. Enteroliths are most common in horses located in dry, arid regions, but can occur in any horse worldwide. A lack of pasture access and diets containing certain feeds can also increase the risk of enterolith formation.

Hypothyroidism in Horses: Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

By |2023-05-25T14:02:43-04:00May 25th, 2023|Conditions|

Hypothyroidism refers to inadequate production of thyroid hormones, primarily thyroxine and (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones are produced by the thyroid gland and play a role in regulating your horse's metabolism. Hypothyroidism most commonly occurs in neonatal foals and is rarely observed in adult horses. In foals, the condition results in musculoskeletal deformities and, in some cases, thyroid gland enlargement. When hypothyroidism occurs in adult horses, typical signs include dull coat, lethargy, and poor performance.

13 Signs of PPID in Horses: Long Hair Coat, Muscle Loss & More

By |2023-05-02T11:21:24-04:00May 2nd, 2023|Conditions|

Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (PPID), previously referred to as Cushing’s Disease, is an endocrine-related disease that affects approximately 20-25% of senior horses, ponies, and donkeys. Signs of PPID in horses include abnormal hair coats, muscle atrophy, loss of topline, poor performance, regional fat deposits, and weight loss. Horses may also experience infertility, abnormal sweating, increased thirst and urination, and immune dysfunction. Horses affected by PPID also have a higher risk of laminitis and may experience symptoms related to insulin resistance due to concurrent Equine Metabolic Syndrome.

Impaction Colic in Horses: Signs, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

By |2023-04-03T21:37:04-04:00April 3rd, 2023|Conditions, Gut Health|

Impaction Colic Risk Factors Impaction Sites Causes Diagnosis Treatment Prevention Impaction colic in horses is a painful condition caused by an obstruction in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It is a [...]

Flexural and Angular Limb Deformities in Foals: Types, Causes & Treatment

By |2023-03-21T15:39:20-04:00March 21st, 2023|Conditions|

Angular limb deformities (ALDs) and flexural deformities (FDs) frequently affect foals’ legs. When severe, they are deemed clinically significant and require conservative management or veterinary intervention to achieve correction.

Tetanus in Horses: Signs, Prevention & Treatment

By |2023-03-20T12:35:35-04:00March 20th, 2023|Conditions|

Tetanus, or lockjaw, is a non-contagious neurological disease that results from a bacterial infection. Horses are particularly vulnerable to tetanus, with individuals of all ages and breeds affected worldwide. Tetanus spores are particularly dangerous for horses as they survive for long periods and can be found everywhere in the environment, including in soil, dust, manure and even the digestive tract. The smallest wound can make a horse susceptible to tetanus once these spores enter the body. Fortunately, tetanus is entirely preventable with regular immunization and other protective measures.

Botulism in Horses: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

By |2023-03-20T11:34:03-04:00March 20th, 2023|Conditions|

Botulism is a fatal neuroparalytic disease that affects horses, humans and other animals worldwide. Botulism interferes with nerve signalling, weakening and often paralyzing the horse. This disease is caused by the ingestion of botulinum toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum bacteria. Horses are particularly susceptible to botulism and only need to consume a small amount of botulism neurotoxin to become seriously infected. When botulism occurs in foals, it is known as Shaker Foal Syndrome or toxico-infectious botulism. Botulism outbreaks occur sporadically but are fortunately rare. Feed or forage can be contaminated with botulism and infect multiple horses with access to that feed. Silage and haylage are the most common sources of botulism in equine diets.

Hair Loss (Alopecia) in Horses – Signs, Causes & Treatment

By |2023-03-20T10:17:54-04:00March 20th, 2023|Conditions|

Alopecia or hair loss in horses can occur for several different reasons and may be temporary or permanent. Alopecia refers to the partial or complete absence of hair that occurs in any area of the body where hair is normally present. Congenital alopecia is a condition that is present at the time of birth. This form of alopecia is non-inflammatory and may occur due to genetic factors, resulting in damage to the hair follicles. Acquired alopecia refers to a partial or complete loss of hair that occurs at any stage of life. It is the most common form of hair loss that affects horses.

Photosensitization in Horses: Causes, Signs, Treatment & Prognosis

By |2023-02-26T15:52:10-05:00February 26th, 2023|Conditions|

Photosensitization, or light-induced dermatitis (photodermatitis), is a noncontagious condition in horses where the skin becomes extremely sensitive to sunlight. This condition often mimics a sunburn, but it is much more serious and painful. Photosensitization is most commonly caused by ingesting toxic plants containing pigments, which are absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and transported to the skin. When exposed to ultraviolet (UV) rays from sunlight, the pigments cause a complex photosensitivity reaction in the horse's skin. Non-pigmented (i.e. white) skin is especially sensitive to reactive compounds, as is skin with little hair cover (i.e. muzzle, eyelids, ears).

8 Common Equine Eye Conditions & Vision Problems [List]

By |2023-02-24T14:11:55-05:00February 24th, 2023|Conditions|

It’s not uncommon for horses to experience eye problems. Several conditions and diseases can affect vision and eye health in horses, including uveitis, cataracts, and conjunctivitis. Horses experiencing eye issues may have symptoms such as swelling, tearing, drainage, discoloration, cloudiness, or sensitivity to light. Some conditions may not affect the eye, but instead, the eyelid or area around the eye. If your horse is affected by vision problems, this may result in poor performance, reluctance to move, nervous behavior, stumbling or clumsiness and an increased risk of injuries.

Myosin Heavy Chain Myopathy (MYHM) in Horses: Signs, Causes & Treatment

By |2023-02-17T14:49:56-05:00February 17th, 2023|Conditions|

Myosin Heavy Chain Myopathy (MYHM) is a muscle disease that can affect Quarter Horses and related breeds with the associated mutation in the MYH1 gene. MYH1, also called myosin heavy chain 1, is a gene that encodes a type of myosin found in fast-twitch muscle. Myosin is a protein responsible for muscle contraction and other motor functions. Horses with the MYH1 mutation have myosin with an altered amino acid sequence which interferes with the function of myosin in muscle tissue.

Lasix (Furosemide) for Horses with Bleeders: Uses, Dosage & Side Effects

By |2023-02-13T14:58:22-05:00February 13th, 2023|Conditions|

Lasix (furosemide) is a medication routinely used to prevent lung bleeding in horses with exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH). This bleeding disorder is prevalent in racehorses following bouts of high-intensity exercise. Veterinarians often recommend treating with Lasix on race days to minimize the risk of bleeding, with a reported 74.2% of racehorses in North America using the drug. Horses on Lasix have faster race times and earn more money over their career than horses not on the drug. However, controversy surrounds the widespread use of Lasix in the racing industry.

Retained Fetal Membranes (Placenta) in Mares: Signs, Causes & Treatment

By |2023-02-13T14:10:08-05:00February 13th, 2023|Conditions, Horse Health|

Retained fetal membranes (RFM), also referred to as retained placenta, is a condition that affects a small percentage of broodmares. RFM can lead to serious medical complications in affected mares and requires prompt treatment. Potential complications of RFM include laminitis, the accumulation of toxins in the bloodstream (toxemia), and an enlarged uterus (metritis). RFM can also lead to sepsis, a potentially life-threatening condition that results when the body's response to an infection damages its own tissues. Proposed causes of retained fetal membranes are associated with hormonal and nutrient imbalances in the mare, abnormal adhesions between the placenta and the tissue that lines the uterus, foaling complications, abortion, and infections.