White Muscle Disease in Horses: Signs, Causes & Treatment – [Nutritional Myodegeneration]

By |2022-10-04T12:47:45-04:00October 4th, 2022|Conditions|

Nutritional myodegeneration (NMD), more commonly known as white muscle disease, is a disorder that affects various animals, including horses. In equids, the condition primarily occurs in newborn foals, although adult horses can also develop it. The condition results in degeneration in the skeletal and cardiac muscle most often due to inadequate levels of selenium in the body. It also occurs less commonly in horses that are deficient in vitamin E. Selenium and vitamin E are important antioxidant nutrients for horses. Antioxidants are molecules that neutralize free radicals, which are unstable molecules that can damage cells. Common signs of white muscle disease include weakness, poor coordination, and difficulty standing, eating, and nursing. Due to a loss of muscle function, respiration can be impaired, and respiratory failure may occur in foals.

Equine Pneumonia: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

By |2022-10-03T13:28:55-04:00October 3rd, 2022|Conditions|

Equine pneumonia is a common respiratory illness that can be life-threatening in young horses. It can affect different parts of the horse’s lungs and may cause varied symptoms. Pneumonia refers to an infection in the lungs in which tissues become inflamed, and the air sacs fill with fluid or pus. Horses affected by pneumonia can experience cough, fever, weakness and difficulty breathing. Pneumonia can affect horses of all ages, but it is most prevalent in 2 and 3-year-old horses. It is also the most common cause of illness and death in foals between 1-6 months of age.

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) – Signs, Treatment & Coggins Test

By |2022-09-28T10:28:04-04:00September 28th, 2022|Conditions|

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) is an infectious disease that affects horses and other equids, such as donkeys and mules. The disease is caused by an RNA virus transmitted by blood-sucking insects. Many affected horses show no clinical signs and are asymptomatic carriers of the disease. However, stress or illness can cause signs to become apparent. Horses that test positive for the virus must be isolated from other horses to prevent the spread of the disease. Horses infected with the EIA virus carry it for life and remain contagious.

6 Developmental Orthopedic Diseases in Horses – [Causes, Signs & Treatment]

By |2022-09-03T16:16:31-04:00August 27th, 2022|Conditions|

Developmental orthopedic diseases (DODs) refer to a range of non-infectious conditions that affect the musculoskeletal system of growing horses. These conditions arise from an interruption in the normal development of cartilage, bone, or soft tissue (joint capsule, tendon, or ligament). Genetics, growth rate, nutrition, and exercise conditions can influence the onset of DODs in growing foals. While some developmental issues are apparent at birth, others occur later as the horse grows. Conditions such as osteochondrosis and physitis can affect any breed of horses and are a common cause of pain and lameness.

Dummy Foal Syndrome (Neonatal Maladjustment) in Horses: Signs, Causes & Treatment

By |2022-08-26T15:14:02-04:00August 26th, 2022|Conditions|

Neonatal maladjustment syndrome (NMS) - also referred to as dummy foal syndrome - is a condition that causes neurological symptoms in foals. This condition prevents the foal from performing normal behaviours, such as recognizing and feeding from the mare, standing and walking. Affected foals may appear lethargic, depressed, or display more serious clinical signs. NMS can be caused by oxygen and nutrient deprivation in the foal before birth. It may also be caused by a failure of placental hormones to drop following birth.

Sinusitis in Horses: Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment

By |2022-08-24T14:32:24-04:00August 24th, 2022|Conditions|

Equine sinusitis is the most common disease affecting the paranasal sinuses in horses. Sinusitis is an inflammatory condition that often involves excessive nasal discharge. Horses with sinus diseases can also experience swelling in the face or reduced appetite. The causes of sinusitis vary but can include dental disease or bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract. Treatment for this condition often presents a challenge to veterinarians because of the large size of the horse's sinus structures, their complex anatomy, difficulties accessing the area, and the advanced state of the disease before a diagnosis is made.

Foal Heat Diarrhea (Scours) – Signs, Causes & Treatment

By |2022-08-29T09:33:26-04:00August 23rd, 2022|Conditions|

Foal heat diarrhea is a condition involving transient diarrhea in young foals, lasting for a few days up to two weeks. Foals with heat diarrhea do not have any systemic illness. While it is not known exactly what causes foal heat diarrhea, researchers believe this condition may occur because the flora of the foal's gastrointestinal tract is developing.

Swayback (Equine Lordosis): Causes, Management & Care

By |2022-08-10T13:47:18-04:00August 10th, 2022|Conditions, Horse Health|

Swayback, or equine lordosis, is characterized by a large dip in the spine of a horse, often resulting in a high wither and severe downwards curve to their topline. Swayback is more common in older horses and broodmares who have carried multiple large babies. Lordosis can also occur in younger horses with a genetic predisposition. Equine lordosis is caused by a failure of the ligament support structures along the length of the back. When the ligaments are weak, stretched, or compromised, the spine can sag toward the ground.

Strangles Disease in Horses: Symptoms, Treatment & How to Prevent

By |2022-08-04T12:05:37-04:00August 4th, 2022|Conditions|

Strangles, also known as equine distemper, is a highly contagious disease caused by the bacteria Streptococcus equi. Young horses are most susceptible to developing strangles disease. This condition most commonly occurs in horses under the age of two. The name "strangles" comes from the common sign of dysphagia or trouble swallowing that some horses experience, caused by enlarged lymph nodes.

Equine Coronavirus (ECoV): Symptoms, Transmission, Treatment & Diagnosis

By |2022-10-04T11:56:51-04:00July 11th, 2022|Conditions|

Equine Coronavirus (ECoV) is a highly contagious illness transmitted between horses that can cause fever, anorexia, diarrhea, and colic. Most horses recover from equine coronavirus with supportive care. In serious cases, affected horses may require specific treatments such as electrolytes, fluid administration, and anti-inflammatory and antibiotic medications. Death from the illness is uncommon and believed to be secondary to complications associated with gastrointestinal barrier disruption. There is no vaccine for equine coronavirus. Proper biosecurity practices at your barn can significantly reduce the risk of horses contracting the illness. Strategies to prevent the transmission of coronavirus in horses include quarantining sick horses, practicing good hygiene in equine facilities, and monitoring horses for signs of illness.

Thumps in Horses: Signs, Causes and Treatment of Synchronous Diaphragmatic Flutter

By |2022-06-21T15:48:07-04:00June 21st, 2022|Conditions|

Thumps in horses is a condition that produces irregular contractions of the diaphragm, resulting in a thumping noise similar to a human hiccup. Scientifically referred to as Synchronous Diaphragmatic Flutter (SDF), thumps causes the diaphragm to spasm in the same rhythm as the heartbeat.

Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage (EIPH) in Horses – [Lung Bleeding]

By |2022-06-21T11:24:22-04:00June 21st, 2022|Conditions, Performance|

Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage (EIPH) is a condition that causes bleeding in the airways, commonly seen in high-performance horses such as racing Thoroughbreds. Horses that experience EIPH are known as "bleeders."

Equine Wobbler Syndrome: Causes, Signs, Diagnosis & Treatment

By |2022-08-27T10:30:59-04:00June 16th, 2022|Conditions|

Equine wobbler syndrome, also known as cervical vertebral stenotic myelopathy (CVSM), is a devastating neurological syndrome resulting from damage to your horse's spinal cord. Horses with CVSM exhibit neurological symptoms such as poor balance and stumbling when walking.

Top 8 Signs and Symptoms of Insulin Resistance (IR) in Horses – [List]

By |2022-06-10T16:30:37-04:00June 10th, 2022|Conditions|

Insulin resistance (IR) in horses describes a condition in which the body fails to properly respond to the hormone insulin. Impaired insulin response is the main feature of Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS). Horses with EMS do not metabolize sugars properly and have difficulty losing weight.

Chronic Progressive Lymphedema (CPL) in Horses – [Symptoms & Treatment]

By |2022-06-08T11:14:22-04:00June 8th, 2022|Conditions|

Chronic Progressive Lymphedema (CPL) is a condition that describes impaired lymph flow in the lower legs. Primarily observed in draft horse breeds, CPL causes swelling and skin inflammation on affected legs. Horses with the condition are also at risk of lesions and secondary bacterial and parasitic infections developing on their legs because of poor lymph flow.

Uveitis in Horses – Causes, Signs, Diagnosis & Treatment

By |2022-06-07T13:02:31-04:00June 7th, 2022|Conditions|

Uveitis in horses is a condition in which the uvea layer of the eye becomes inflamed. It is the most common cause of blindness in horses. It is estimated that as many as 25% of horses worldwide are affected by some form of uveitis.

Equine Motor Neuron Disease: Causes, Treatment & Vitamin E Supplementation

By |2022-07-06T08:44:32-04:00June 6th, 2022|Conditions|

Equine Motor Neuron Disease (EMND) is a disease that causes progressive damage to nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord of adult horses. The disease damages cells that are involved with muscle movement, rendering them dysfunctional and leading to muscle wasting.

Colic Surgery in Horses: Indications, Procedure & Recovery Time

By |2022-05-22T08:33:18-04:00May 22nd, 2022|Conditions, Horse Health|

Surgical intervention is, unfortunately, necessary for many horses that experience colic, with 4 - 10% of colic cases requiring surgery. The term colic refers to abdominal pain of any cause.

Equine Anemia: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

By |2022-05-18T13:24:35-04:00May 18th, 2022|Conditions, Horse Health|

Equine anemia is a condition that significantly impacts the health and performance of horses. It is a reduced number of red blood cells in circulation. Horses with anemia typically experience low energy levels, elevated heart rate, poor coat quality, depression and loss of appetite.

What is Choke in Horses? [Signs, Treatment & Prevention]

By |2022-05-17T13:34:19-04:00May 17th, 2022|Conditions, Horse Health|

A medical condition necessitating urgent attention, equine choke refers to obstruction of the esophagus. The condition most frequently occurs due to rapid feed consumption and the subsequent lodging of feed or other matter in the esophagus.