White Muscle Disease in Horses: Signs, Causes & Treatment – [Nutritional Myodegeneration]

By |2022-10-04T12:47:45-04:00October 4th, 2022|Conditions|

Nutritional myodegeneration (NMD), more commonly known as white muscle disease, is a disorder that affects various animals, including horses. In equids, the condition primarily occurs in newborn foals, although adult horses can also develop it. The condition results in degeneration in the skeletal and cardiac muscle most often due to inadequate levels of selenium in the body. It also occurs less commonly in horses that are deficient in vitamin E. Selenium and vitamin E are important antioxidant nutrients for horses. Antioxidants are molecules that neutralize free radicals, which are unstable molecules that can damage cells. Common signs of white muscle disease include weakness, poor coordination, and difficulty standing, eating, and nursing. Due to a loss of muscle function, respiration can be impaired, and respiratory failure may occur in foals.

Equine Pneumonia: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

By |2022-10-03T13:28:55-04:00October 3rd, 2022|Conditions|

Equine pneumonia is a common respiratory illness that can be life-threatening in young horses. It can affect different parts of the horse’s lungs and may cause varied symptoms. Pneumonia refers to an infection in the lungs in which tissues become inflamed, and the air sacs fill with fluid or pus. Horses affected by pneumonia can experience cough, fever, weakness and difficulty breathing. Pneumonia can affect horses of all ages, but it is most prevalent in 2 and 3-year-old horses. It is also the most common cause of illness and death in foals between 1-6 months of age.

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) – Signs, Treatment & Coggins Test

By |2022-09-28T10:28:04-04:00September 28th, 2022|Conditions|

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) is an infectious disease that affects horses and other equids, such as donkeys and mules. The disease is caused by an RNA virus transmitted by blood-sucking insects. Many affected horses show no clinical signs and are asymptomatic carriers of the disease. However, stress or illness can cause signs to become apparent. Horses that test positive for the virus must be isolated from other horses to prevent the spread of the disease. Horses infected with the EIA virus carry it for life and remain contagious.

6 Developmental Orthopedic Diseases in Horses – [Causes, Signs & Treatment]

By |2022-09-03T16:16:31-04:00August 27th, 2022|Conditions|

Developmental orthopedic diseases (DODs) refer to a range of non-infectious conditions that affect the musculoskeletal system of growing horses. These conditions arise from an interruption in the normal development of cartilage, bone, or soft tissue (joint capsule, tendon, or ligament). Genetics, growth rate, nutrition, and exercise conditions can influence the onset of DODs in growing foals. While some developmental issues are apparent at birth, others occur later as the horse grows. Conditions such as osteochondrosis and physitis can affect any breed of horses and are a common cause of pain and lameness.

Dummy Foal Syndrome (Neonatal Maladjustment) in Horses: Signs, Causes & Treatment

By |2022-08-26T15:14:02-04:00August 26th, 2022|Conditions|

Neonatal maladjustment syndrome (NMS) - also referred to as dummy foal syndrome - is a condition that causes neurological symptoms in foals. This condition prevents the foal from performing normal behaviours, such as recognizing and feeding from the mare, standing and walking. Affected foals may appear lethargic, depressed, or display more serious clinical signs. NMS can be caused by oxygen and nutrient deprivation in the foal before birth. It may also be caused by a failure of placental hormones to drop following birth.

Sinusitis in Horses: Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment

By |2022-08-24T14:32:24-04:00August 24th, 2022|Conditions|

Equine sinusitis is the most common disease affecting the paranasal sinuses in horses. Sinusitis is an inflammatory condition that often involves excessive nasal discharge. Horses with sinus diseases can also experience swelling in the face or reduced appetite. The causes of sinusitis vary but can include dental disease or bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract. Treatment for this condition often presents a challenge to veterinarians because of the large size of the horse's sinus structures, their complex anatomy, difficulties accessing the area, and the advanced state of the disease before a diagnosis is made.

Foal Heat Diarrhea (Scours) – Signs, Causes & Treatment

By |2022-08-29T09:33:26-04:00August 23rd, 2022|Conditions|

Foal heat diarrhea is a condition involving transient diarrhea in young foals, lasting for a few days up to two weeks. Foals with heat diarrhea do not have any systemic illness. While it is not known exactly what causes foal heat diarrhea, researchers believe this condition may occur because the flora of the foal's gastrointestinal tract is developing.

Why Do you Need an Equine Nutritionist? – [Free Consultation Inside]

By |2022-08-11T07:40:54-04:00August 10th, 2022|Horse Health, Nutrition|

Is your horse getting what she needs in her current diet? Does she have health concerns that could be improved through feeding practices? If you own or care for horses, chances are you have asked yourself these questions at some point. You may have even sought out the services of an equine nutritionist to help you formulate a balanced diet for your horse.

Swayback (Equine Lordosis): Causes, Management & Care

By |2022-08-10T13:47:18-04:00August 10th, 2022|Conditions, Horse Health|

Swayback, or equine lordosis, is characterized by a large dip in the spine of a horse, often resulting in a high wither and severe downwards curve to their topline. Swayback is more common in older horses and broodmares who have carried multiple large babies. Lordosis can also occur in younger horses with a genetic predisposition. Equine lordosis is caused by a failure of the ligament support structures along the length of the back. When the ligaments are weak, stretched, or compromised, the spine can sag toward the ground.

Strangles Disease in Horses: Symptoms, Treatment & How to Prevent

By |2022-08-04T12:05:37-04:00August 4th, 2022|Conditions|

Strangles, also known as equine distemper, is a highly contagious disease caused by the bacteria Streptococcus equi. Young horses are most susceptible to developing strangles disease. This condition most commonly occurs in horses under the age of two. The name "strangles" comes from the common sign of dysphagia or trouble swallowing that some horses experience, caused by enlarged lymph nodes.

Roaring (Laryngeal Hemiplegia) in Horses: Causes, Treatment & Prognosis

By |2022-10-04T12:19:56-04:00August 2nd, 2022|Horse Health|

Roaring is a condition that causes some horses to make a whistling or roaring sound during exercise. It can affect a horse’s performance during high-intensity exercises, such as racing. This condition is also referred to as recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN) or laryngeal hemiplegia. It is estimated that 2-8% of Thoroughbreds and up to 35% of draft breeds are affected by RLN. The larynx is part of the trachea (windpipe) and includes the vocal cords. RLN involves the partial collapse of cartilage in the larynx caused by progressive weakening of nerves.

Best Electrolyte Supplements for Horses: A How-To Guide

By |2022-08-20T20:06:52-04:00July 21st, 2022|Horse Health, Nutrition|

Electrolytes are minerals that play a key role in cellular function and regulate fluid balance in the body. Electrolytes carry an electric charge when dissolved in fluids such as blood or fluid in and around cells. These are critical for nerve transmission and muscle contractions.

Hind Fetlock Lameness in Horses: Signs, Diagnosis & Treatment

By |2022-07-19T11:48:02-04:00July 19th, 2022|Care & Management, Horse Health|

The hind fetlock is a high-motion joint that undergoes significant compression and force absorption when the horse is moving. This joint is highly susceptible to soft-tissue injuries and bone disorders. Horses with hind fetlock lameness often show signs of heat and swelling in this joint. In severe cases, horses may be unable to weight-bare on the limb. Performance horses such as racehorses and dressage horses are prone to hind fetlock injuries. Eventers are more prone to fore-fetlock injuries, likely due to the landing forces after large jumps.

Best Magnesium Supplements for Your Horse [Bioavailability Comparison]

By |2022-07-26T10:21:33-04:00July 18th, 2022|Horse Health, Nutrition|

Magnesium supplements for horses come in many forms and are used to support muscle function and calming. This important macromineral is required in the equine diet to facilitate muscle contraction, maintain ion balance in the blood, and activate enzymes throughout the body.

Equine Coronavirus (ECoV): Symptoms, Transmission, Treatment & Diagnosis

By |2022-10-04T11:56:51-04:00July 11th, 2022|Conditions|

Equine Coronavirus (ECoV) is a highly contagious illness transmitted between horses that can cause fever, anorexia, diarrhea, and colic. Most horses recover from equine coronavirus with supportive care. In serious cases, affected horses may require specific treatments such as electrolytes, fluid administration, and anti-inflammatory and antibiotic medications. Death from the illness is uncommon and believed to be secondary to complications associated with gastrointestinal barrier disruption. There is no vaccine for equine coronavirus. Proper biosecurity practices at your barn can significantly reduce the risk of horses contracting the illness. Strategies to prevent the transmission of coronavirus in horses include quarantining sick horses, practicing good hygiene in equine facilities, and monitoring horses for signs of illness.

How to Feed an Emaciated Horse to Avoid Refeeding Syndrome

By |2022-07-08T11:47:47-04:00July 8th, 2022|Horse Health, Nutrition|

Emaciated horses have a very low body condition score with extensive loss of muscle and fat. These severely underweight horses need to be carefully managed with veterinary care and precise nutrition strategies during their recovery. Reintroducing feed must be done slowly to allow your horse’s body to adjust.

Thumps in Horses: Signs, Causes and Treatment of Synchronous Diaphragmatic Flutter

By |2022-06-21T15:48:07-04:00June 21st, 2022|Conditions|

Thumps in horses is a condition that produces irregular contractions of the diaphragm, resulting in a thumping noise similar to a human hiccup. Scientifically referred to as Synchronous Diaphragmatic Flutter (SDF), thumps causes the diaphragm to spasm in the same rhythm as the heartbeat.

Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage (EIPH) in Horses – [Lung Bleeding]

By |2022-06-21T11:24:22-04:00June 21st, 2022|Conditions, Performance|

Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage (EIPH) is a condition that causes bleeding in the airways, commonly seen in high-performance horses such as racing Thoroughbreds. Horses that experience EIPH are known as "bleeders."

Best Exercises to Improve Your Horse’s Topline – [Training Guide]

By |2022-07-26T10:49:44-04:00June 20th, 2022|Horse Health, Training|

A strong topline is one of the most important indicators of a well-conditioned horse. In addition to being aesthetically pleasing and supporting performance, a good topline can protect your working horse from strain and injury.

Hock Lameness in Horses: Causes, Signs & Treatments of Hock Problems

By |2022-06-16T14:28:08-04:00June 16th, 2022|Horse Health|

Lameness in the horse's hock joint is one of the most common causes of altered hind end gait. Hock lameness is characterized by shortened gait, weight shifting, stiffness when your horse picks their hind legs up, and reduced springiness off the ground when the horse picks up a canter or jumps.