Latest Articles

Umbilical Disorders in Foals
Umbilical Disorders in Foals: Infections, Patent Urachus and Hernias Dr. Madison Ricard, DVM | December 22, 2023 | Conditions, Foals

Umbilical disorders in newborn foals can arise due to bacterial infection or improper closure of the umbilicus after birth. The three most common umbilical disorders in horses are omphalitis, patent u...

Heart Murmurs in Foals
Heart Murmurs in Foals: Diagnosing Congenital Cardiac Defects Dr. Madison Ricard, DVM | December 21, 2023 | Conditions, Foals

A heart murmur is an abnormal sound heard during the heartbeat, caused by blood flowing in an unusual pattern or location within the heart. It’s not uncommon for newborn foals to have heart murmurs ...

Foal Rejection in Mares
Foal Rejection: Normal & Abnormal Maternal Behaviour in Mares Dr. Madison Ricard, DVM | December 13, 2023 | Breeding, Foals

Foal rejection is a situation where the normal bonding between the mare and her foal fails to occur after birth. As a result, the mare may show disinterest, fear, or even aggression towards her newbor...

Abnormal Gestational Length in Foals
Prematurity, Dysmaturity, and Postmaturity: Abnormal Gestational Length in Foals Dr. Madison Ricard, DVM | December 22, 2023 | Breeding, Foals

The typical gestation period for horses ranges from 340 to 342 days. During this time, foals undergo extensive development of their organ and skeletal systems, ensuring their survival outside of the m...

Warmblood Fragile Foal Syndrome
Warmblood Fragile Foal Syndrome (WFFS): Genetic Testing & Effects on Horses Dr. Madison Ricard, DVM | December 5, 2023 | Conditions, Foals

Warmblood Fragile Foal Syndrome (WFFS) is an inherited disease primarily affecting Warmblood horses and their related breeds. This condition is also referred to as Fragile Foal Syndrome Type 1 (FFS). ...

How to Feed Orphan Foal
How to Feed and Manage Orphan Foals: Guide to Milk Replacers & More Dr. Christine Latham, Ph.D. | December 7, 2023 | Breeding, Foals, Nutrition

An orphan foal is a young horse that cannot nurse their birth mother. Foals may be orphaned for a number of reasons, including the mare’s death or severe illness, rejection of the foal, or the mare�...

Donor Colostrum for Foals
Donor Colostrum for Foals: Guide to Colostrum Collection and Provision Jaime Thomas, B.Sc. | November 17, 2023 | Breeding, Foals

Donor colostrum ensures that a foal receives necessary immune support, even if colostrum is insufficient or unavailable from its mother. Breeders can collect and store their own donor colostrum or use...

Rattles in Foals
Rattles in Foals: Rhodococcus equi Pneumonia Signs & Treatment Dr. Madison Ricard, DVM | November 15, 2023 | Conditions, Foals, Horse Health

Rattles, clinically known as Rhodococcus equi pneumonia, is a serious respiratory condition that affects growing foals. This disease is a leading cause of severe illness in young foals, and is charact...

Colic in Foals
Colic in Foals: Causes, Symptoms Diagnosis & Treatment Dr. Madison Ricard, DVM | November 15, 2023 | Conditions, Foals, Gut Health, Horse Health

Colic, defined as abdominal pain in horses, is a condition that ranges from mild discomfort to severe, life-threatening situations. In foals, colic presents unique challenges and concerns, due to thei...

Infectious Diarrhea in Foals
Infectious Diarrhea in Foals: Symptoms, Management & Prevention Dr. Madison Ricard, DVM | November 7, 2023 | Conditions, Foals, Horse Health

Infectious diarrhea in foals is a significant health concern that can lead to dehydration, weight loss, and systemic illness. Without timely intervention, it can lead to severe complications and even ...

Neonatal Isoerythrolysis in Foals
Neonatal Isoerythrolysis in Foals: Causes, Treatment & Prevention Dr. Madison Ricard, DVM | October 24, 2023 | Conditions, Foals

Neonatal isoerythrolysis (NI) is a potentially fatal, but preventable, condition affecting newborn foals. Foals develop NI when they consume colostrum containing antibodies against their blood type, r...