Veterinary medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)2019; 10; 99-110; doi: 10.2147/VMRR.S168227

Equine viral encephalitis: prevalence, impact, and management strategies.

Abstract: Members of several different virus families cause equine viral encephalitis, the majority of which are arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) with zoonotic potential. The clinical signs caused are rarely pathognomonic; therefore, a clinical diagnosis is usually presumptive according to the geographical region. However, recent decades have seen expansion of the geographical range and emergence in new regions of numerous viral diseases. In this context, this review presents an overview of the prevalence and distribution of the main viral causes of equine encephalitis and discusses their impact and potential approaches to limit their spread.
Publication Date: 2019-08-07 PubMed ID: 31497528PubMed Central: PMC6689664DOI: 10.2147/VMRR.S168227Google Scholar: Lookup
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  • Journal Article

Summary

This research summary has been generated with artificial intelligence and may contain errors and omissions. Refer to the original study to confirm details provided. Submit correction.

The research article concentrates on equine viral encephalitis, its prevalence, and the strategies for managing it. The study mostly focuses on arboviruses causing this disease.

Understanding Equine Viral Encephalitis

  • Equine viral encephalitis is majorly caused by varying types of viruses, with arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) being the most common perpetrators. It’s significant to note that these arboviruses carry zoonotic potential, implying that they can jump from animals to humans.
  • Diagnosing equine viral encephalitis can be a challenge because the clinical manifestations are rarely pathognomonic, meaning they do not point indisputably to a single disease. Therefore, diagnoses usually rely on presumptions based on the region’s geographical setting where the disease is detected.

Geographical Shifts of Viral Diseases

  • The paper highlights that the geographical ranges of various viral diseases have expanded over recent years, leading to the emergence of these diseases in new regions.
  • Evidently, this geographical shift leads to an increased prevalence, distribution, and impact of diseases like equine viral encephalitis.

Strategies for Disease Management

  • Given the shifting disease geography, the study subsequently explores potential approaches vital in limiting the spread of diseases.
  • These management strategies would assist in preventing the escalation and potential outbreaks of equine viral encephalitis and other similar diseases.

Prevalence and Distribution

  • As part of the review, the researchers provide a comprehensive analysis of the prevalence and distribution of the primary viral causes of equine encephalitis.
  • Having such kind of data plays a vital role in understanding the disease and consequently planning effective strategies to combat it.

Cite This Article

APA
Barba M, Fairbanks EL, Daly JM. (2019). Equine viral encephalitis: prevalence, impact, and management strategies. Vet Med (Auckl), 10, 99-110. https://doi.org/10.2147/VMRR.S168227

Publication

ISSN: 2230-2034
NlmUniqueID: 101724251
Country: New Zealand
Language: English
Volume: 10
Pages: 99-110

Researcher Affiliations

Barba, Marta
  • Veterinary Faculty, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU, CEU Universities, Valencia, Spain.
Fairbanks, Emma L
  • School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, UK.
Daly, Janet M
  • School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, UK.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

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