Vaccines2022; 10(3); 398; doi: 10.3390/vaccines10030398

Equids’ Core Vaccines Guidelines in North America: Considerations and Prospective.

Abstract: Vaccination against infectious diseases is a cornerstone of veterinary medicine in the prevention of disease transmission, illness severity, and often death in animals. In North American equine medicine, equine vaccines protecting against tetanus, rabies, Eastern and Western equine encephalomyelitis, and West Nile are core vaccines as these have been classified as having a heightened risk of mortality, infectiousness, and endemic status. Some guidelines differ from the label of vaccines, to improve the protection of patients or to decrease the unnecessary administration to reduce potential side effects. In North America, resources for the equine practitioners are available on the American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) website. Conversely, in small companion animals, peer review materials are regularly published in open access journals to guide the vaccination of dogs and cats. The aims of this review are to present how the vaccine guidelines have been established for small companion animals and horses in North America, to review the equine literature to solidify or contrast the current AAEP guidelines of core vaccines, and to suggest future research directions in the equine vaccine field considering small companion animal strategies and the current available resources in equine literature.
Publication Date: 2022-03-04 PubMed ID: 35335029PubMed Central: PMC8955191DOI: 10.3390/vaccines10030398Google Scholar: Lookup
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  • Journal Article
  • Review


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The article reviews the guidelines around core vaccines for horses in North America and discusses potential research directions, drawing upon strategies used in small companion animal vaccination.

Research Background

  • The research focuses on veterinary medicine, specifically vaccination against infectious diseases.
  • The main emphasis is on equine medicine, with core vaccines protecting against tetanus, rabies, Eastern and Western equine encephalomyelitis, and West Nile.
  • This is a preventive measure against diseases with high mortality rates, infectiousness, and endemic status.

Scope of the Research

  • The paper evaluates the guidelines concerning vaccines in North America.
  • It mentions that while some guidelines deviate from the vaccine labels to enhance protection or minimize unnecessary administration, the overall motive is to reduce potential side effects.
  • These guidelines and resources for equine practitioners are available on the American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) website.
  • Among small companion animals like dogs and cats, peer-reviewed materials are openly published for guiding vaccination practices.

Aims and Objectives of the Research

  • The primary objectives of this research include offering insights into the establishment of vaccine guidelines for small companion animals and horses in North America.
  • It also reviews the current equine literature to validate or contrast the existing AAEP guidelines about core vaccines.
  • Lastly, the research aims to propose potential future research directions in the equine vaccine field, integrating strategies used for small companion animals and the resource availability as per current equine literature.

Cite This Article

Desanti-Consoli H, Bouillon J, Chapuis RJJ. (2022). Equids’ Core Vaccines Guidelines in North America: Considerations and Prospective. Vaccines (Basel), 10(3), 398.


ISSN: 2076-393X
NlmUniqueID: 101629355
Country: Switzerland
Language: English
Volume: 10
Issue: 3
PII: 398

Researcher Affiliations

Desanti-Consoli, Hu00e9lu00e8ne
  • DoctoraDesanti, San Jose 11801, Costa Rica.
Bouillon, Juliette
  • Department of Clinical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 334, Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Chapuis, Ronan J J
  • Department of Clinical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 334, Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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